CROSSING THE UNKNOWN SEA, Work as a Pilgrimage of Identity – great book about leadership, the meaning of work in life and the meaning of our life in our work. If you ever have a chance to read it, please do. Here is my summary.
About the Author: David Whyte is a Yorkshire-born poet and consultant of the most prominent American corporations, such as Fortune 500. Using poetry to bring understanding to the process of change, he halps clients understand individual and organizational creativity and apply that understanding to vitalize and transform the workplace.
The author’s quotes in this summary refer to the edition: Riverside Books, New York, 2001.
„We are strange, difficult creatures who long for both freedom and belonging at the same time, and often run a mile when the real thing appears. That is the frontier on which we dwell“. Whether we call the two choices freedom and belonging, sea and shore, travelling and staying at home, the conflict is always the same. We allways live on the edge.
According to David Whyte, the best opportunity for discovery and personal growth lies in the thing most people often want to get away from: their work. Yet, those who embrace it, and consequently become team managers and group leaders, often forget why they undertook the journey in the first place. Many things can make them lose their identity and the connection with the real world: the ambition and daily routine, the fear of a failure, the impossibility to see clearly moments when saying no to things or persons that seem bigger than them is even more important than saying yes. Can one be a good leader and still a happy person?
Without a constant pilgrimage of our identity through our work, we will never know who we really are and how greater than regular ourselves we can be while crossing unknown seas. Our projects are the seas. Our work is a pilgrimage for our identity. „Work is where we can make ourselves or brake ourselves. It is difficulty and drama.“ It is a journey which shows what we are made of – if we should have stayed back, or we can be a captain.
David White finds the metaphore for it in the capacity to „move the mountains“, as defined by William Blake. The 18th century English poet and engraver developed a unique kind of active relationship, a constant conversation with the process, results and effects of his work on other people. He deeply believed in it and he named the feeling of it a firm persuasion.
„Any life, and any life’s work, is a hidden journey, a secret code, deciphered in fits and starts. The details only given truth by the whole, and the whole dependent on the detail.“
Those who work with dedication are like sailors always seeking for new seas – challenges in pilgrimage for their own identity. The best among them will eventually become the captain, the one who is able to navigate the boat and at the same time see the tiniest detail happening on it and around it at all times, whether it is an upcoming storm, low moral or the crew, a fatal rock or promised land ahead. Wave against wave, crossing the uncharted sea of work, he is the one who draws maps. And as soon as one is finished, he already has an articulated plan for another journey. He is the leader.
In The Effective Executive, Peter Drucker set out to define the core practices of powerful leaders within organizations. The book, which was first published in 1966, has since become a canon among leadership novels. One of the central tenets of his work was that executives emphasize strengths rather than weaknesses. I found it to be the most salient point in the entire work.
Drucker stresses that executives should focus on strengths. This seems self-explanatory, except that doing so means ignoring weaknesses. The effective executive “does not make staffing decisions to minimize weaknesses but to maximize strength.” Drucker doesn’t hold stake in the idea of being a well-rounded person. “All the talk of ‘the whole man’ or the ‘mature personality’ hides a profound contempt for man’s most specific gift: his ability to put all his resources behind one activity, one field of endeavor, one area of accomplishment.”
“Two mediocrities achieve even less than one mediocrity – they just get in each other’s way. Abilities must be specific to produce performance.”
However, this doesn’t mean ignoring all weakness. He states that weaknesses should only be addressed when they interfere with strengths. Everything else should be thrown to the wind.
Drucker cites the example of Northern generals during the Civil War. He writes that President Lincoln originally chose his first four generals for their absence of weakness. As a result, they made little progress even with superior resources. His choice in Lee was based on strength. Each one of Lee’s staff had some major flaw, but he positioned them so only their strengths would shine through. Even Lee himself was known for loving the bottle, but this didn’t hinder his performance on the battlefield. As a result, “the ‘well-rounded’ men Lincoln had appointed were beaten time and again by Lee’s ‘single-purpose tools,’ the men of narrow but very great strength.”
- Sebastien Bauge
With an address of a famous mysterious club, 36th ST. at Thomas, I found famous Good Will.
The shop has unique business model that accepting donation from citizens and sell them with cheap price.
The price is really dirt cheap, well, the stuff is also with dirt. Overlooking furniture and other antiques, I bought 6 books with just 10 dollars.
I like this idea, like white elephant gift. You could donate the stuff that you do not need. Maybe others could need them. You also have a chance to do some philanthropy. Maybe when we leave from America, we have these good will.
I like Black Friday. It is the opportunity to shop cheep stuff.
Three days before I argued with Khandaa whether 12:01 AM is midnight or noon. Then I noticed that I have to go to Wal-Mart during the mid night.
The light rail departed from Van Buren on 11:23 PM. After Alauddin and I arrived at the final stop, the train conductor told us the last train had already departed one hour before. It means that either we take taxi or stay in Wal-Mart for the whole night. We calculated before that we have to stay in Wal-Mart – to take taxi could increase the cost then sleeplessness could be in vain.
Just as Ivy said, there were tons of people in Wal-Mart. Kids as well as adults abandoned sleep. Infants even were taken here with boring facial expression or sleeping soundly. I found that the majority of the people are Latin Americans. You could also found some Arabs, Africans and Asians.
I guess that they are the ordinary people like me – have to calculate the cost of everything. They would like to enjoy their life, even though the life is bitter to them. They would like to have positive attitude towards life, even though fatigue is challenging them time after time. They would like to shop, even though the price is still something. It is the other side of America which I really feel sense of belonging.
In the book In Search of Excellence, two authors, Thomas J.Peters and Robert H. Waterman, compare the way Japanese companies function with some of the most prominent American companies. Their study includes 62 important American companies in different fields.
Even though Peters and Waterman wrote In Search of the Excellence more than twenty years ago, it is motivating book for every leading person in the world of management.
Peters and Waterman wrote on the eight characteristics of excellent companies and measured their success according those values.
The eight characteristics are a bias for action, closeness to the customer, autonomy and entrepreneurship, productivity through people, hands-on value, stick to the knitting, simple form and lean staff, and simultaneous loose-tight properties.
The idea is that a well-run company uses individual or group initiative of so cold “average worker” to drive innovation and creative energy.
Therefore, one of the follow up conclusions after reading In Search of Excellence is that the 62 companies it mentions try to have strong corporate values, and that the all of the employee should share those values.
The employees’ positions correlate with the culture produced by the company. Therefore, the company’s strategy is to build repeated actions and ensure all employees will share the same vision or they can choose to leave the company.
In the book In search of excellence, Peters and Waterman use political scientist James Mac-Gregor Burns idea for “transforming leadership”.
The idea for the transforming leadership is that the leaders connect with the followers. Burns explain these relations as something that is constant and dynamic.
In the leader – followers symbiosis defined by Burns, Peters and Waterman found two important attributes: believability and excitement.
Peters and Waterman conclude that only “simplistic people – like Watson, Hewlett, Packard, Kroc, Mars, Olsen, McPherson, Marriot, Procter, Gamble, Johnson – stayed simplistic”, meaning that they were able to see the importance in having their employees share common value.
It was the first time for me to spend Thanksgiving holiday with one American host family.
According to the National Geography article, “the birth of the modern holiday was in 1621, even though the ‘real’ Thanksgiving happened two centuries later”. Back in the history, the pilgrims celebrated the end of the harvest season.
Today, this holiday has nothing with a harvest season. Thanksgiving is more about sharing pleasant moments among family members and eats turkey.
In fact, it was a coincidence that I saw the movie Julie & Julia just before the Thanksgiving.
In the relaxing atmosphere of the American host family home, it was a great moment to recall on Julia Child and her famous way of cutting the meat.
I felt great joy to celebrate Thanksgiving with American host family. They were kind enough to share a piece of their life with us.
Hey, guys I found a very interesting material about newspapers EXTINCTION Timeline, written by Ross Dawson, globally recognized as a leading futurist, entrepreneur, keynote speaker, strategy advisor, and bestselling author. According to him, newspapers won’t die in USA until 2017, in Croatia in 2029, in China until 2031, in Turkey in 2036, and in Mongolia until 2038. He said that “Back in August I predicted that newspapers in their current form will be irrelevant in Australia in 2022. That received significant international attention including from The Australian, The Guardian, Editor & Publisher (which called me the ‘Wizard of Aussie’) and many others.
Part of the point I wanted to make was that this date is different for every country. As such I have created a Newspaper Extinction Timeline that maps out the wide diversity in how quickly we can expect newspapers to remain significant around the world. First out is USA in 2017, followed by UK and Iceland in 2019 and Canada and Norway in 2020. In many countries newspapers will survive the year 2040.
The Australian has again covered this in a story title Deadline for newspapers as digital publications rise. There may be some more coverage in coming days.”
Consumers want more local content about their neighborhoods, Hilary Schneider, an executive vice president of America Region, Yahoo said tonight at the Must See Mondays at Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
Local advertising represents over 40% of the US advertising market, over 20% of all searches are local in nature and nearly 50% of all searches on mobile phones are located in the neighborhood”
In order to respond to the consumers until 2015, Yahoo plans twelve percentage of their content to be in short 2-3 minutes video snacks. Schneider explains that while Google is oriented towards creating platforms for researching, Yahoo is more publishing oriented.
The content mix is evolving, 20% is original, 30% is from the professional sources and 50% is from crowd sources. “We are bringing the best from the web”, explains Schneider. They are competing with CNN, Bloomberg and ESPN.
In the context of journalism, Schneider mention that next-generation editors should find news and information using traditional journalistic judgment, digital production, social networking, leveraging the crowd and understanding the digital product design and engineering.
The next generation of reporters will need a foundation in traditional journalistic skills, a strong sense of accuracy and credibility, flexibility, multi tasking and a sense of entrepreneurship.
It was news in mostly all Global countries international newspapers that Twitter has been looking for friendship with face book. The face book success not only have put into trouble this twitter but mostly all social networks. I believe that this kind of success is God gifted. the rest every body in the World has been struggling to do from good to the best but it is seen that a few people are arrived in such a high destination like Mark Zuckerberg.
Face book that has astonished the World to connect the people each others in such a way that even long ago separated friends are come together in one place. I found yesterday my old friend who I have been looking for and asking for but could not get success and the other day my friend Javed afridi told me that I can easily search him on the face book and thank God I got him.Is not it amazing?
Friday morning we talked about one Chinese lady story in David and Sam. She used twitter and response her Fiance’s twitter – “Let’s go for it” – Police arrested and the court sentenced her one year forced labor in labor camp.
It is not an anti-government words, but was recognized as the words which could lead the public to destroy Japanese pavilion in Shanghai Expo.
We could see a lot of similar words in Chinese BBS. But the most important is in China something could be judged by people in stead of the system.
I want to play with words and new strategic concepts this time. It is global trend to develop roadmaps for next five or ten years.
NATO is developing new concept-it is news from Lisbon NATO summit. I am far away from NATO, Lisbon summit and only I can read new conclusion.
However, I read news on it in the Arizona Republic newspaper. It is good to read and develop your thinking. I will not go in depth with the NATO, because this is not the main idea of this blog. However, I will borrow their idea to develop my personal strategic concept for the future.
I like the idea of new and fresh strategic concepts. They give you the vision what you want to do in the future and how you can achieve this.
Strategic concepts can give you the clear idea how to develop your positive characteristic and lead you to overcome negative owns.
I am not a fan of long writings on what I will do in the future. Sometimes, I like short sentences, short terms goals and small commitments. That gives me the sense that with work I can achieve mine goals.
Even though I am not particular supporter of big commitments, I will try to draw mine strategic path for the next five years. At least, I can try.
Posted By Malik
I came across this year’s Press Freedom Index. International media watchdog, Reporters Without Borders has been issuing the index since 2002. The index is self-explanatory about how some countries in the world are averse to the freedom of the press in spite of doing very impressively in some other domains of life. Ironically, Pakistan has improved its ranking this year by jumping from 159 in the index of 175 countries to 151 out of 178 this year. Of course, this is not something to be very proud of. We have a long way to go.
For your interest, I am providing this year’s rankings for all countries represented in Humphrey Fellowship Program at ASU. Congratulations, Macedonia for doing better!
- Macedonia 68
- Croatia 63
- Mongolia 76
- Bangladesh 126
- Turkey 138
- Pakistan 151
- Sri Lanka 158
- China 171
Now, here is the disturbing part. The report stated: “It is disturbing to see several European Union member countries continuing to fall in the index. If it does not pull itself together, the European Union risks losing its position as world leader in respect for human rights. And if that were to happen, how could it be convincing when it asked authoritarian regimes to make improvements? ”
The BRICs – Brazil, Russia, India and China, the report observed, many have made significant improvement in their economic growth but their march towards press freedom has not been very encouraging.
” Russia, which had a particularly deadly preceding year, is still poorly placed at 140th. Despite an astonishingly vibrant and active blogosphere, China still censors and jails dissidents and continues to languish in 171st place.
It was first festival in my life that I was out of home celebrated the religious festival specailly **Deevali**. I missed a lot my family,friends and relatives because this is the day in the year that we all get an opportunity to be to gather and have fun, discuss on different issues of thhe routin lives of the each others. On 5th November, Hindus of the World celebrated their religious biggest festival ,**Deevali**.According to their faith that when their Lord RAMA returned from his fourteen year exile. this is popularly known as ,The Festival of Lights .The name Diwali is itself a contraction of the word “Deepavali” (Sanskrit: दीपावली Dīpāvali), which translates into row of lamps. Diwali involves the lighting of small clay lamps (divas) (orDeep in Sanskrit: दीप) filled with oil to signify the triumph of good over evil .For Hindus, Diwali is the most important festival of the year and is celebrated in families by performing traditional activities together in their homes. The participants owear new cloths ,share sweats among their relatives ,friends Deepavali is an official holiday in India.This is also celebrated in my country Pakistan with full of joys and religious freedom .Muslims there also get themselves involved in celebrations events .
Pakistani author of The New York Times best-seller, Taliban, Ahmed Rashid, who was acknowledged by TIME magazine as “the most informed person on the earth about Afghanistan”, has accused George Bush of plagerizing parts of his writings in his freshly released book, Decision Points.
Plagiarism is universally recognized as an unforgivable offense. I can imagine why the “Cronkite School Academic Integrity Policy” so strictly discourages plagiarism. Bush has once once again let us down, first as a president and now as an author.
Rashid was quoted by the BBC jokingly saying that his children and their friends and some journalist colleagues wanted him to sue Bush. He said he would do no such thing.
“Other friends and colleagues have said it was a big joke, but in all seriousness I am not laughing,” he added.
POSTED BY: MALIK
Today the meeting of EU finance ministers reminded me this week’s discussion subject in our Humphrey Seminar which was pride. Is pride good thing or bad thing? I believe it totally depends on the situation. This year Ireland’s public deficit is estimated to reach about 30 percent of its GDP. According to the European Union’s Stability and Growth Pact’ the member countries’ public deficit is supposed to below 3% of their GDP! On 16th of November the EU Economy and Finance ministers tried to convince Ireland to ask for a bailout. However Ireland says that the government is “fully-funded” till mid 2011 and if necessary, only the banking system would need some help.
Is Ireland too proud to accept any bailout! Sometimes pride could be bad or good. But sometimes you may loose more than you supposed in some cases. Ireland’s move has lots of risks. especially in today’s global world, Ireland does not only risk himself but it also cause a risk in all Euro Area economy. We need some more time to see the result…
This week two kind ladies asked me respectively about the plan after finishing study in America. Both of them assumed that I should stay here.
I understand that their standpoints are from their kind hearts. I really appreciate it. I found that the life here is really impressing. I often think that American are very lucky. But frankly speaking, to stay here is another matter.
Then I thought American Dream – It is also Chinese dream. Now our generation is very lucky that we can realize American Dream in China.
Scores of years, Chinese people as well as the people around the world would like to have an American dream. One musical that I prefer – Miss Saigon even has a song for it.
Initially, people think that American dream could be achieved in America. Then they try their best to acquire green cards. A lot of Chinese successfully immigrate to the US. Then they found that it is hard to realize American dream in America.
Gradually people recognize that American dream could be achieved in their own country.
what’s that I smell in the air?
the American dream
sweet as a suite in Bel-air
the American dream
girls can buy tits by the pair
the American dream
bald people think they’ll grow hair
the American dream
call girls are lining time square
the American dream
bums there have money to spare
the American dream
cars that have bars take you there
the American dream
on stage each night: Fred Astaire
the American dream
shlitz down the drain!
pop the Champagne!
it’s time we all entertain
my American dream!
It is the third consecutive eid I am away from my family.
I remember last year, I could not go to my home town of Panjgur for eid because I returned to Quetta from Singapore after speaking at an India-Pakistan conference only a day before the eid. By then, all bus services had stopped. There are no daily flights from Quetta to Panjgur. So, I had to celebrate the eid in my apartment. I wasnt’ alone, surely. I am lucky. A few but highly trustworthy friends always surround to take care of me.
Honestly, it is not very easy to stay away from the family all the time. Sometimes, I feel like being very selfish in terms of pursuing my professional dreams. I am, at the same time, so proud of my family for their complete support they offer me in following my professional goals.
I spent one eid in Chennai, India, in 2005. The other eid day was at an airport in Berlin, Germany. For the last two eids, I have been in the U.S.
What is so special about the Eid that I miss?
I miss my friends from Panjgur/Quetta whom I would meet every eid after a long time. A vast majority of my friends are the ones whom I met during cricketing days or at the American English Language Center. Everyone among those friends truly established long term relations. It just feels like yesterday when we used to talk about our future plans. Some of us would endlessly talk about the entry tests at Bolan Medical College and others would contemplate going to Quetta to enroll in a Masters program. Now, most of us have entered into our professional lives serving in different places of Pakistan and the world in various fields.
The good thing about blogs and social networks, such as Facebook and Twitter, is that it has reconnected me with a lot of my old students and colleagues. Life has become a lot more easier now.
I’d like to tell all my friends from the cricket matches, AELC, University of Balochistan and journalism. I love you all.
Eid Mubark is just a formality. For good friends, its Eid day everyday.
For my family, I am so very thankful for your profound moral support. I love you all.
One advice for those who write long emails. The future of text messaging will be short and immediate chat. E-mail is still not dead but it might be after the new platform FACEBOOK tends to introduce on the market.
FACEBOOK is attacking e-mail communication with a new platform for text messaging. The new platform will be available for the users after couple of months and it will integrate phone text, chats, e-mail and the existing FACEBOOK messages.
The biggest social network CEO Mark Zuckerberg said that probably a modern messaging system is not going to be e-mail. FACEBOOK is planning to hand out @ facebook.com e-mail address in order to make easier to communicate with people who are not on FACEBOOK.
With this new communication hub, FACEBOOK is attacking its duel with Google Inc. In fact, FACEBOOK is attacking Google Gmail service. In order to stay in the race, Google is planning to put more efforts in social network and to diminish some of the negative effects they have because the growing popularity of FACEBOOK.
The future of text messaging is to have shorter more immediate chats rather than lengthy emails. FACEBOOK team of engineers worked on the project for 15 months.
“Text messaging has outshined face-to-face contact, e-mail, phone call and IM as the primary form of communication for US teens”, according to a 2009 survey from Pew Internet and American Life Project.
The title of the post itself tells you that I want to share something nice:
We Feel Fine is a very fine website created by Jonathan Harris and Sep Kamvar. I came accross the name of the former and his number27.org at the ONA Conference in Washington DC this October. And at some time distance, I can tell you that his work is more than worthy exploring.
He makes projects that re-imagine how humans relate to technology and to each other, combining elements of computer science, anthropology, visual art and storytelling. His works have been shown accross the world, from The Museum of Modern Art in New York to Le Centre Pompidou in Paris. He is also documenting his life with one photo a day, so you can be meeting Jonathan Harris anywhere in the cyberspace. Enjoy his company and… feel fine.
Aung San Suu Kyi is free after more than seven years of house arrest. Many supporters of pro-democracy hero expressed their joy because San Suu Kyi liberation. A villa on the Rangoon Lake Inya was in the same time home and prison to Aung San Suu Kyi.
She is the local icon of Burma strugle for democracy. Suu Kyi is 65 years old and she was under house arrest for seven years.
“The energy is still there; the commitment is still there. She has all the things that everyone says – she’s poised and elegant and a very impressive figure – but she’s also well-informed,” said Andrew Heyn, the British ambassador to Burma (also known as Myanmar) and one of the few foreigners to have met with Suu Kyi recently in a story published by on line edition of Washington Post on Saturday.
“The message I got when I spoke to her, not only by what she said but by her body language, is that this is a woman who wants to stay involved.”
One of her first chalanges will be to rebuild a political platform. Suu Kyi has said she would not accept a conditional release. Nyan Win, her attorney, has said one of her first steps will be to join the NLD’s investigation of electoral fraud, reported on line edition of Washington Post on Saturday.
More on the following links:
I attended the Social Media Boot Camp for CEOs organized by Splash Media the other day. Registration was totally free! Just wanted to share a few things that I learned from there which I did not know before.
- ping.mf is a wonderful website which enables you to update your status, blog entries on at least 40 different social networks. This means you will no longer have to log in Facebook and Twitter or My Space simultaneously to update your status.
- “Google loves Linkedin“. Linkedin is more easily search-able for Google than any other site. So, the more you remain active on Linkedin, the brighter the prospects of being Google-searched.
- Youtube is NOT just like other sites. Don’t forget that the world’s second largest search engine is not Yahoo or Altavista. Its Youtube! So, put as many things related to yourself, your company as possible so that you are easily searched.
- Tweet at least three times a week. Big companies Tweet at least 25 times a week.
- Either blog regularly or don’t blog at all. Blogs with no updates for weeks and months may result in rejection of your job application with a certain company. Employers normally visit your blogs to see your level of commitment to your job.
- Make sure you purchase your name+com before it is taken before anyone else does that.
- Make sure you make own www.facebook.com/YOURNAME.
Posted By Malik
Diane Sawyer will anchor the ABC News national newscast World News with Diane Sawyer” tonight and tomorrow from the rooftop of the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication at Arizona State University.
Sawyer is in Phoenix to receive the school’s Walter Cronkite Award for Excellence in Journalism at a luncheon Friday at the Arizona Biltmore, with more than 1,200 media, business, political and civic leaders joining Cronkite School students, faculty, staff, alumni and supporters.
Last year, Brian Williams anchored the “NBC Nightly News” from Cronkite the evening before he received the Cronkite Award.
Assistant Dean of Walter School of Journalism and Mass Communication Mark Lodato interviewing Diane Sawyer
Sawyer also spoke to students in the First Amendment Forum of the Cronkite School on Friday morning before the luncheon ceremonies. She spoke on her experience in North Korea, about interviewing celebrities and officials.
More details will follow
Aaron Brown’s comment that journalists are not interrogators was an interesting thought to me. The term “watch dog” seems so inherently aggressive and journalists are the “watch dogs” of society.
To consider the idea further I searched the internet for information. I found an interesting case in Iran, where journalists are considered “intelligence-seekers”, thus a threat. The religious government is trying to censor expressions that call for democracy. The government is having particular trouble censoring digital media.
An Iranian guard said to journalist Maziar Bahari,”You gather and report information: that is exactly what a spy does.”
It’s interesting to see how differently people view the role of journalists and a lot seems to depend upon the context and legal environment of the country.
A certain stigma has always surrounded this glorious lump of food. The fruitcake: Loved by none, given by all. It is the subject of lots of jokes in American media because no one actually likes to eat it, yet it is still given away during Christmas. It has become a national symbol of tradition….rock-solid, nutty, disgusting tradition.
A fruitcake is made from dried fruit, nuts, spices and optional spirits. The cake itself looks delicious, as seen (left). The problem is, any bite into fruit cake results in the jarring realization that it tastes disgusting and is tougher than leather. Why?
Fruitcake was invented for medieval palates. It originated in the 1700s as a way to celebrate bountiful fruit and nut harvests. The cakes were baked at the end of the nut harvest and saved UNTIL THE FOLLOWING YEAR! They were then eaten in the hopes that the cake would bring luck to the next year’s harvest. However, this tradition was seen as sinful towards the 18th century, and fruitcakes were actually outlawed through most of Europe (probably the most sane act in the history of fruitcake). They later reemerged and became a sign of temperance rather than sin because of the year-long waiting period before you could eat them. Thus, fruitcake slowly became a staple at weddings, Christmas and “tea time” in England through the 19th century.
In America this tradition continued with emphasis on Christmas. Beginning in 1913, mail-order fruitcakes were born as a way to share Christmas love with relatives across the nation. Sending fruitcake was also a way to show how much you hated a relative, without saying it to their face. Some well known bakers were involved in 1913, including Collin Street Bakery in Corsicana, Texas, who still makes and ships fruitcake to this day. Their standard cake weighs 8 pounds (3 kg). This is probably why most Americans consider fruitcake to be a better doorstop than food.