By Fernando Aguilar
Edited by Sammi Davis
I want to start this post by saying that one of the things I learned to pursue in life is putting myself in other people’s shoes. Of course, I came up with this conclusion after being selfish and thinking that I was the mastermaind in everything I did.
How unconscious was I back then. Now I understand that leading is about cooperation and we need the help of others to continue growing as part of my learning process. As stated, I went through a process that formed me as the person I am now and I made mistakes and maybe hurt people in the way. Don’t get me wrong, I do not enjoy hurting people -back then I may have, let’s be honest, and I might even hurt people physically (not to a great degree)-. In any case, when talking about hurting people’s feelings, this is about perception…
Now I try to see things from different perspectives, including trying to see other’s perspectives. This is not easy as you have to understand the needs and desires of others. The situation is so complex that we see a lot of “disrespect” in our societies but we must remember that, dealing with cultural aspects, is not an easy task and things can be misinterpreted.
Motivation to me comes from the consiousness I have gained through out my life. I must say that I do not know if that motivation will change over time. It may or may not. What I am sure about is that I look for dialogue and understanding in order to foster better relationships. That is what I strive for.
You are likely to see more people in the middle of the desert on a hiking trail than downtown Phoenix on a Sunday afternoon.
It is a place where you can’t see any raindrops on the ground when it is raining. Evaporation is in light speed.
You can see at least 3 tattoo shops in 3 minutes walk in Downtown but reaching to the closest grocery store takes at least 20 minutes by walk. In other words, it can be easier to get a tomato tattoo than a real tomato.
The spring and fall seem to coexist in Phoenix. You can see a tree full of yellow leaves next to a blooming one.
Any basketball or baseball game you would go probably will make you feel as if you are in a different city. The supporters of the rival team are almost as many as (or sometimes more than) the supporters of Phoenix team.
The best jokes about Phoenix are the ones you hear when you are out of Phoenix. Key words include hell and heat.
Who would have thought that Phoenix used to have a more expansive “light rail” system 100 years ago?
While a deserted looking building can actually be a cool art gallery or coffee shop, a mall looking building is always a car park.
The grass in a garden means more than grass in Phoenix. It means wealth.
If you are driving your car at speed limit, you are likely to be the slowest.
PS. Yes, the blog post is not about persuasion. I persuaded myself that this post would be more interesting to the audience than sharing my limited knowledge on persuasion. I hope you will be persuaded too after reading it!
by Derya Kaya
edited by Sophia Mayberry
By Fernando Aguilar
Edited by Sammi Davis
When thinking about what my voice is, immediately what came to mind was a figure in my country nicknamed ‘the voice of the voiceless’: Archbishop Óscar Romero. This national hero was renowed for fighting for the poor and his honesty, and for seeking justice during war times.
As time moves forward, few voices have inspired like Romero’s. I aspire to find a voice like his, a voice that brings hope and consciousnes. I believe this is what is needed not only now, but throughout history.
Of course, I know that this quest for finding my voice is complicated. Nevertheless, I understand that this analogy of the “voice” is related to my personality and my whole being. The voice metaphor is just to make it more appealing, but in the end, we are talking about a person’s values and desires here.
I will close this reflection with a quote from Archbishop Romero, who will very likely be canonized by the Catholic Church under the period of Pope Francis.
“We must overturn so many idols, the idol of self first of all, so that we can be humble, and only from our humility can learn to be redeemers, can learn to work together in the way the world really needs. Liberation that raises a cry against others is no true liberation. Liberation that means revolutions of hate and violence and takes away lives of others or abases the dignity of others cannot be true liberty.”
From the Gallery of 20th-century martyrs at Westminster Abbey- Mother Elizabeth of Russia, Rev. Martin Luther King, Archbishop Óscar Romero and Pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer*
*Pictures and description taken from Wikipedia under Commons license
Written By: Tayllor Lillestol
Edited By: Hina Ali
I grew up without a voice. I was mostly confined to classrooms and my parents’ houses, with little meaningful contact to the outside world. My life was small and safe, and the years blurred together until the memories all but disappeared. I didn’t have much of a life, let alone a voice.
It wasn’t until I started college that my world expanded. I discovered the chance to be anything I wanted, and I wanted to be more than the devoted student I had been my entire life. I wanted to dream a new dream. I found an entire world I had never experienced.
I’d like to think that most people know who they are by the time they hit the age of 20. For me, it feels like I’m still waking up. The first thing I found in college was that I actually liked the world, and I wanted to see more and more of it. It turns out I have a love for travel and discovery I never knew I had. I also found out that I was better than your average writer, and that I actually enjoyed doing research.
More than anything, I learned that I love people and cultures from all over the world. I had been taught to discriminate against and hate and fear many other types of people in my small world. I realized how wrong all those ideas were, and I sought to talk to as many different people as possible. I began to volunteer and give something back to the world around me. I learned that I cared deeply for people, no matter their personal background. I wanted to help people.
In three years, I’ve become an entirely different person. I have my own opinions and ambitions that are driven by the person I am, rather than the people around me. I found my voice by trying new things, even moving to places where I was a complete stranger. I found out that I was strong and smart, and I could decide my own future. Most of all, I discovered my voice.
I’m still learning to follow my own voice. I don’t think I’ll ever stop finding my voice, and I’m sure it will change over the years, but I’m excited to keep searching. I can’t wait to see where it takes me.
I really did not know how to start sharing a leadership experience within my family but, after thinking about this for quite some time, I think I do have a story to tell. Back in the days, when my mother was working as Project Director for the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources in my country, she had to take very difficult decisions.
At this point in my life I believe she was a great role model for me in many aspects. I remember one time she had to take a decision of allowing some investor to have an iguana farm. In my country there has been many corruption and government officials easily could be bought out by certain business men. My courageous mother would not fit into that category: an honest woman who would do the right thing.
I remember she was even threatened for not approving some permits for the iguana farm to be in place. The businessmen were attacking her verbally and at a personal level, putting in danger her integrity and our family. My mother knew, thou, that she was doing the right thing as the people involved in the transactions were not following all the rules to create a business like that.
My mother always stood by her values and never gave up on trying to do the right thing and would not allow any permits. Now that I think about it, this behavior had great influence on me, because I was raised with that example. Leading by example is what I believe is critical in order for others to understand your ways as a leader, because it gives you credibility and you demonstrate that what you say is what you believe in.
I will always have in mind the way my mother used to deal with situations like that, in which she would have to take difficult decisions. In the end, she has been taking the right ones, at least in most of the cases…
By Fernando Aguilar @fjaguilarr
I had never heard the term “encore anxiety” until three days ago, but the more I read about it, the more it made sense to me.
Buddha suggests that “The mind is the source of happiness and unhappiness”. So how our minds are shaped and how we associate certain experiences and conditions with happiness? According to a survey conducted at the University of Michigan, respondents most frequently indicated that “more money” would improve their lives.* We live in a world where material gain is an end itself, not a tool. Same can be said for the success: it is not perceived as a tool for feeling ourselves better, it is an end itself. Success is never satisfactory enough while happiness is delayed and attached to a possibility of passing an exam, getting a job or promotion, having a new house or moving to a new city. We create an illusion that everything that makes us unhappy or unsatisfied will disappear once we achieve our goal. In the meantime, we tend to forget enjoying the journey.
While we glorify success, failure is an issue we try very hard to avoid. The fear of failure might become so threatening and intimidating that it can make us stop initiating. How can we invent, take risks, and improve if we do not let people to fail as well? Failure can be considered as an opportunity for learning and improvement instead of a reason for encore anxiety. Embracing failure is one of the best tools for personal empowerment.
Let’s do some exercise.
Think about yourself.
Think about what make you happy. Think about a day when you felt extremely happy.
Think also what make you unhappy. Think about a day when you felt extremely unhappy.
When I did the exercise and think about my happy and unhappy moments, I realized that none of them are related to my achievements or failures and in some sense I felt lucky that they are not related. If you feel that your happiness is too much dependant on the success, do not panic. There are thousands of reasons to be happy and unhappy and as Buddha says our minds are key, “all that we are is the result of what we thought”. It is OK to feel happy or unhappy. As such, it is OK to criticize the value system which leads us to permanent anxiety, dissatisfaction and depression.
by Derya Kaya
Mitt Romney’s loss raises question about the future of the Republican party. What future does Mitt Romney have now that he has changed direction politically so many times?
Will he be able to reinvent himself? More importantly how will the republican party reinvent itself.
The most interesting answer to the Romney question was written by Gary Wills in a post for the New York Review. In his analysis Wills said that many politicians who lost their races went on to do great things for their party.
Al Gore continued to advocate for action in regards to climate change.
Barry Goldwater retained the influence to advise Nixon to leave the White House.
Wills asks this question:
“What vestige of a backbone is Romney left with? Things he was once proud of —health-care guarantees, opposition to noxious emissions, support of gay rights and women’s rights, he had the shamelessness to treat as matters of shame all through his years-long crawl to the Republican nomination.”
If Romney was at all sincere about his campaign promises, now is the time to go out and prove it by doing good dispite his loss. That would show true strength of character.
As for the second question: NPR commentary all week about the election has raised the question about how the Republican party is going to have to reinvent itself.
In my opinion the problem that the Republican party is having is illustrated within my own family.
Right after the election my mom posted on her Facebook wall:
“Is anybody else just sick about the election? What makes me very sad is that I guess christian values really are in the minority in this country. Obama said that this country is no longer a Christian Nation. According to the election, the majority agrees with him.”
My mom is a Republican, as this post exemplifies, because she is a Christian. The GOP has made this awkward marriage between the interests of the wealthy and the interests of conservative Christians.
What continues to boggle my mind is that Christians are supposed to care for the poor and to embrace everyone where they are, without judging them. I’m not sure how that messes with interests of the wealthy.
In my opinion if the Republicans are going to win they are going to need to reinvent their platform.
In the next Presidential election the Republicans may have a much better chance because they won’t be going up against an incumbent.
I think it is likely the Republican candidate will have a platform that is more center, be less aligned with a religious party and will work hard to appeal to the Latino vote. It will be interesting how Marco Rubio will shape the discussion and movement toward a less extreme position within the party.
Having Stephen Buckley of the Poynter Institute give his perspective on the digital future of journalism was extremely insightful. As he talked about news in today’s social media and citizen-journalism landscape, he repeatedly mentioned the term “crisis of credibility”. He explained that as news consumers become flooded with a wealth of available information (whether through blogs, or Facebook or websites), it is becoming increasingly harder for legitimate journalism entities and individual journalists to keep a reputation of integrity.
How do we know who to trust in the digital space? …. especially when it comes to social media like Twitter?
I couldn’t help but think of two prominent Twitter-related cases within the past month: the report of Joe Paterno’s death while he was still alive, and false tweet from actor Rob Lowe about the retirement of Peyton Manning.
While each of these spawned media reports, internet buzz, and trending topics, one thing remains true in each case: these false rumors were quickly debunked in favor of verified reports. What this indicates to me is a somewhat comforting feeling in today’s “crisis of credibility”. Verified information will always find its way to the top. The internet has merely given a wider platform from which to speak. Before the internet days there were no fewer people out spreading misinformation, they just didn’t have as many outlets from which to spread rumors. With Twitter and Facebook, “rumor-spreading” has been given a global platform. In the end, however, rumors are still rumors. While the instantaneous access to media spawns the ability to mislead, it also spawns the ability to correct reports in an instant.As a blog post by Ken Mueller about the Joe Paterno story states:
“Fortunately, the social web is incredibly self-correcting. While rumors can erupt online, they are generally corrected almost as rapidly. This doesn’t excuse the dissemination of false, or unverified information, but it is comforting”
We need to realize that with the wider spread of the internet, false information will come out. It’s inevitable. We aren’t used to it yet, but the internet and journalism are still relatively young in their relationship. What we can work on is working to combat and correct false reports as timely in as timely a manner as possible. Integrity and verification will find a way through the mess.
This post is not in any way related to Journalism, “social media”, leadership or management. That being said, let Tye take you on a tour of American Culture:Not sure how many of the Humphrey Fellows are familiar with Hip Hop, but it’s an American-born-and-bred artistic movement.
Óscar Arias Sánchez is arguably the most influential figure in Costa Rican politics and one of the most prominent in recent Latin American history. His audacious yet conciliatory leadership style not only provoked profound changes in his country but historic ones in Central America, too.
He became the president of Costa Rica in 1986 after defying the traditional structures within his party, the leftist “Liberacion Nacional” party. His strategy of separating himself from the founding leaders of his party was considered a bold move in the political landscape of the time, where friendship and money often took you further than your actual capacities.
Educated at Essex, Arias strongly believed in “meritocracy”. Therefore, he chose the members of his Cabinet based on their merits more than on their political experience or, merely, their support to his campaign. As a result, he also encouraged a more active participation of women in politics. For the first time in Costa Rica’s history, he chose a woman as Vice-president and urged his party to elect the first female President of Congress, which happened during the first year of his term.
While he was redefining domestic policy-making in his own country, Arias was gestating a complete overhaul of the geopolitical forces throughout Central America. With the exception of Costa Rica, all the countries in the region were consumed by a war that to everyone seemed everlasting – to everyone but Arias.
Since he took office, Arias focused his foreign policy in finding a peaceful ending to armed conflict that killed thousands. Coming with a first proposal was the easy part of a time-consuming and challenging process. The main hurdle was to get longtime enemies to sit down at the same table.
Arias not only managed to get presidents, military forces and insurgent groups talking, but he also convinced them to concede. He implemented the peace-making process that ended war in Central America in the late 1980’s. For that he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987. With the money he received he funded a non-profit organization.
His second term as President was preceded –and defined- by controversy. In 2000, Arias asked the Supreme Court to declare unconstitutional an amendment forbidding re-election. He lost but in 2003, a group of citizens presented a similar request and the Justices allowed the non-consecutive reelection. He was the only former President who had expressed interest in running again… and so he did. This time, Arias won by a narrow margin.
During his most recent term, trade not peace was his main interest. He reestablished diplomatic relations with China and after a referendum he implemented the Central American Free Trade Agreement with the United States.
I don’t intend to weigh in too heavily on the whole “leadership vs. management” debate with this post. Just wanted to share one alternate interpretation of what it means to be a “leader” of others. It involves the service aspect of Leadership we talked about in class a couple weeks back, but takes it to another level. It’s imagining Leader as Role Model, pushing him/herself on the front lines of an organization or cause rather then elevating him/herself to the top.
[leader, role model, or both?]
One week ago, I lost my wallet. After paying in a restaurant and walk few feet to where my rental car was parked, I found out my wallet was not with me. My first reaction was to go back to the restaurant and saw if it was there. I had no luck. Then, I reenact my short trip to the car looking carefully on the sidewalk. It was not there.
My hopes of finding it were gone with my credit cards, my driver’s license, my ASU ID and my insurance card. I called my banks in Costa Rica -and here- to cancel my cards. There was no chance to get them back, I thought. It was time to get Arizona’s driver’s license and get new documents, again.
On monday, when I told the story to the Humphrey program manager at ASU, Kristi Kappes, she said that hopefully someone may have found my wallet and will return it. “I hope so, but I don’t think that will happen”, I told her.
Fortunately, I was wrong. Three days later, Kristi called me with good news. A woman named Megan found my wallet, saw my ASU ID and tracked me down until she got her called transferred to our newsroom.
Megan didn’t ask for anything in return. She was happy to help. I was happy, too. Megan showed me that we are surrounded of good people.
The dictionary defines resilience as “the ability to recover readily from adversity.” When you read it from a book, it seems easy -almost natural- to be resilient. When you listen to people affected by tragedy, you start to realize its true meaning
During this weekend, as the United States commemorated those who died in the 9/11 terrorist attacks, I had the chance to look back and see that tragedy from another perspective. I saw it through those who survived and, especially, through those who lost someone that day.
As I read and watched the stories of wives, brothers, bosses and mothers who faced the unimaginable that day, I understood how long the emotional journey has been for them since 2001. For some, overcoming the tragedy it’s still difficult while others seem to have reconciled with their past. All of them, though, meet in their willingness to reborn from the ashes.
They taught me that it takes time, strength, support, willpower and hope to be resilient.
Image from: time.com
What to wear? Which course to take? How to tackle a project? What source to interview? We spend every day making decisions. Sometimes is easy to choice; some others is less than pleasant. In other words, decision-making is a process that wears you out.
New studies suggest that you will pay a biological price after making decision after decision. You will be low on mental energy, research have found. According to an article published on The New York Times Magazine, ”decision fatigue” differs from ordinary physical fatigue. With the former, you will be aware of being tired while with the latter there’s only a lack of mental energy.
Simply put, the more choices you make, the harder each one becomes for your brain. At the end of the day, your ability to make them well will be reduced. Why? Your brain will look for shortcuts, researchers have concluded.
Does decision-making fatigue you? Have you ever think about it?
Here’s the complete article. Make a decision and read it!
Illustration: The New York Times Magazine.
Downtown Phoenix is probably my favorite part of the city, and luckily I have excuses to travel there twice a week. Mondays, it’s our Humphrey seminar. Fridays, I trek downtown for a very different reason. (more…)
There are always two sides to every story. The thing is, more often than we think, only one side gets to be told. Usually, History is written by winners not by the defeated. Ask those involved in uprisings or those who are part of a minority. Their voices are frequently ignored by the larger audience. Therefore, we don’t get the bigger picture.
African-americans in the United States know that first-hand. Not so long ago -less than 6 decades- they were still facing segregation in this country. The “colored” had no right to speak freely against the abuse of power they were subjected to. It was dangerous to do so but no impossible. Some courageous men and women took the risk and raised their voices. They had something to say and they wanted to be heard. They spoke with actions more than with words.
The Help is a book-turned movie that shares the point of view of african-american maids in Mississippi during the 1960′s, a decade dominated by racism. With humor and intelligence, it makes you reflect on how important it is to listen to the “other”. It reminded me of leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks, who stood up and provoked changes. They were brave enough to show the world their point of view, the other side of the story. Their story.
In my last post I promised to say something more about Blake Mycoskie and TOMS Shoes. Contrary to what many people think, there is no Tom. Blake and TOMS are the same person. In fact, Blake invented TOMS as an abbreviation for ˝tomorrow’s shoes˝. You can read the story of their life on the TOMS official website .
But why I am so excited about it? Why I can’t stop thinking about it since I’ve heard Blake’s speech at the South By Southwest Interactive Conference that took place March 11-15 in Austin, Texas? Well, he is a good-looking guy at some point. But that’s not the point. I am actually thinking of him in the same way I’ve been thinking for several years now about the elderly gentleman – Bangladeshi businessman Dr. Muhammad Yunus , inventor of the Bank For The Poor and Nobel prize winner.
What makes those shoes different than any other textile shoes known for centuries as ˝espadrilles˝? The ˝One For One Movement˝ began in Argentina in 2006, when the young American salesman befriended children who had no shoes to protect their feet. He made an Internet offer: for every pair you buy, somebody who can’t afford it gets one. The response was almost frightening. Now TOMS is everywhere where the need is, recently Haiti.
You can also join the ˝One Day Without Shoes˝ Action on April 5, just to see how it is to walk around barefoot, like many people in this world do regularly. Or you can wait for the lock to fall from the new secret TOMS action starting on June 7. Whatever you do, you will surely feel good about it.
Because Blake said clearly: ˝Giving is not just feel-good. It’s good for your business and your brain˝. The proof: it involves not only thousands of customers, but other businessmen too. For example, baby-Blake is the first company boss that Ralph Lauren collaborated with. Ever. Also, TOMS sold extra 100.000 shoes after the commercial they made for AT&T.
What do TOMS shoes have that no other shoes have? They have the idea of a greater good. It makes the people who work for Blake less stressed, and incorporates feeling good about something every day of their job.
And you know what: these days TOMS is hiring. Check it out!
With an address of a famous mysterious club, 36th ST. at Thomas, I found famous Good Will.
The shop has unique business model that accepting donation from citizens and sell them with cheap price.
The price is really dirt cheap, well, the stuff is also with dirt. Overlooking furniture and other antiques, I bought 6 books with just 10 dollars.
I like this idea, like white elephant gift. You could donate the stuff that you do not need. Maybe others could need them. You also have a chance to do some philanthropy. Maybe when we leave from America, we have these good will.
I like Black Friday. It is the opportunity to shop cheep stuff.
Three days before I argued with Khandaa whether 12:01 AM is midnight or noon. Then I noticed that I have to go to Wal-Mart during the mid night.
The light rail departed from Van Buren on 11:23 PM. After Alauddin and I arrived at the final stop, the train conductor told us the last train had already departed one hour before. It means that either we take taxi or stay in Wal-Mart for the whole night. We calculated before that we have to stay in Wal-Mart – to take taxi could increase the cost then sleeplessness could be in vain.
Just as Ivy said, there were tons of people in Wal-Mart. Kids as well as adults abandoned sleep. Infants even were taken here with boring facial expression or sleeping soundly. I found that the majority of the people are Latin Americans. You could also found some Arabs, Africans and Asians.
I guess that they are the ordinary people like me – have to calculate the cost of everything. They would like to enjoy their life, even though the life is bitter to them. They would like to have positive attitude towards life, even though fatigue is challenging them time after time. They would like to shop, even though the price is still something. It is the other side of America which I really feel sense of belonging.
It was the first time for me to spend Thanksgiving holiday with one American host family.
According to the National Geography article, “the birth of the modern holiday was in 1621, even though the ‘real’ Thanksgiving happened two centuries later”. Back in the history, the pilgrims celebrated the end of the harvest season.
Today, this holiday has nothing with a harvest season. Thanksgiving is more about sharing pleasant moments among family members and eats turkey.
In fact, it was a coincidence that I saw the movie Julie & Julia just before the Thanksgiving.
In the relaxing atmosphere of the American host family home, it was a great moment to recall on Julia Child and her famous way of cutting the meat.
I felt great joy to celebrate Thanksgiving with American host family. They were kind enough to share a piece of their life with us.
This week two kind ladies asked me respectively about the plan after finishing study in America. Both of them assumed that I should stay here.
I understand that their standpoints are from their kind hearts. I really appreciate it. I found that the life here is really impressing. I often think that American are very lucky. But frankly speaking, to stay here is another matter.
Then I thought American Dream – It is also Chinese dream. Now our generation is very lucky that we can realize American Dream in China.
Scores of years, Chinese people as well as the people around the world would like to have an American dream. One musical that I prefer – Miss Saigon even has a song for it.
Initially, people think that American dream could be achieved in America. Then they try their best to acquire green cards. A lot of Chinese successfully immigrate to the US. Then they found that it is hard to realize American dream in America.
Gradually people recognize that American dream could be achieved in their own country.
what’s that I smell in the air?
the American dream
sweet as a suite in Bel-air
the American dream
girls can buy tits by the pair
the American dream
bald people think they’ll grow hair
the American dream
call girls are lining time square
the American dream
bums there have money to spare
the American dream
cars that have bars take you there
the American dream
on stage each night: Fred Astaire
the American dream
shlitz down the drain!
pop the Champagne!
it’s time we all entertain
my American dream!
We have a good opportunity to visit one high school on Oct. 27 in bigger DC area.
The name of the school is McLean. It is a large high school with nearly 2000 students. The school is located in a wealthy neighborhood. Almost all the students don’t worry about the tuition fee of the colleges. But they still want to have part time jobs.
Originally I don’t favor they work during their academic learning. I told them Chinese students have to face severe competition for the higher education entrance examination. So they have to study nearly 20 hours a day especially the 12th grade students.
The German language teacher who is the hostess of the community event responded that the students here have to study and work for nearly 19 hours. They study while they have part time job. They need money for the stuff.
Through this conversation I found that though American and Chinese students face different environment, they both work hard. However, the attitude of the parents are different. Chinese parents can not permit their children working while studying. They even shoulder all the responsibilities on housework. Some students in China even have no ideas on how to wash their underwear.
The result is simple: Chinese students are good at examinations but are not familiar with the fundamental techniques. They have to depend on their parents for a long time. While on the other hand, Chinese parents really have the will to support their children as long as possible. Sometimes we use the word “spoil”.
I want to claim that Chinese students want to be as independent as their American peers. We have to blame the educational system. The system should give more space on the real life for the students. Let them know what is the real life is.
Last night I had one opportunity to enjoy Halloween Festival in Mill Ave. Tempe. It is gorgeous!
People were crowded in the street and almost all of them were dressing differently and they walked in the street receiving others appreciation. I could sort that there are at least five kinds, some like horrible wearings, some like cartoon characters, some like sexy dress, some like animals, some just take some weird clothes, and etc. I can see that they really enjoyed the night.
I found the difference between the two countries. In America, people could have spontaneous pleasure. This word could be illustrated the organizied pleasure.
In my country, leaders are always kind. When they think people should enjoy their life, they will organize a big rally or big movement. Nowadays, some TV gala in the eve of Spring Festival could substitute.
Ok. People should follow the instructions from the leaders. along with the need of the events, leaders will give instructions to the people, When they say you should applause, you applause; when saying you should laugh, then you laugh, “stop!”, suddenly stop. After that you should claims, “I am very happy! Thanks for the Party and motherland.”
I am so accustomed of the organized pleasure with the 33 years in China that I do not know how I can behave or express in the spontaneous carnival last night. With the uneasy mind I asked Tose last night that he could tell me when I should behave correctly.